Inside Less Than A single Hour – Eliminate Bath Escapes by Putting in a Sound Area Bathtub Griddle
Installing A COMPOSITE SHOWER PAN IS Rapidly AND Effortless. Just before discussing the simple measures to set up a composite shower pan, I felt that some clarification and definitions are essential simply because not all shower pans are alike.
WHAT IS IN A Title? A roof is a roof, despite the fact that there are a lot of distinct roofing systems and roofing components. Not correct with “shower pans.” They are usually interchangeably called a shower pan, shower pan liner, shower pan membrane liner, waterproof barrier, shower base, shower tray, or shower receptor. But, each and every has a diverse indicating depending on context and each are available in a variety of materials.
Bob Vila’s internet web site defines a SHOWER PAN as “The base, made up of a drinking water drain, of the shower enclosure.” And a SHOWER RECEPTOR as “A one-piece foundation (ground) device utilised as a shower, for example, to capture h2o and direct it to a middle drain.”
For the sake of clarity, I offer the pursuing definitions.
SHOWER PAN & SHOWER Base – A concluded spot that is capable of retaining and directing water to the drain furthermore it does not demand tiling as soon as put in. The shower pan or foundation has a drain hole, sloped ground to correctly immediate drinking water to the drain gap, sidewalls, and a threshold (entrance to the shower that varieties a control to keep water from managing out on to the rest room floor). A shower pan is synonymous with a shower base.
SHOWER PAN LINER, MEMBRANE LINER, & Watertight BARRIER – A barrier, typically a plastic sheet or membrane, that is supposed to trap water that penetrates the shower ground tile, grout, and mortar underneath the tile and drive the water to stream to the drain. As prolonged as it will not leak, it stops h2o from reaching the sub-floor and bordering wall enclosure. The liner is a ingredient inside of a made shower pan. A shower pan liner is synonymous with a shower pan membrane liner and a watertight barrier.
SHOWER TRAY & SHOWER RECEPTOR – A shower tray is synonymous with a shower receptor. Both are utilized in area of a liner. They provide the very same perform as the liner, but are pre-shaped to get rid of some of the set up steps essential when employing a liner.
Shower pan liners, shower trays, and shower receptors are all utilized in conjunction with the design of a shower pan that has a tiled flooring as nicely as a tiled wall enclosure.
Commercially available shower pans are complete, ready-to-put in units. They remove the need to have to generate a mud sloped floor, a shower liner or tray, and tiling of the shower ground.
COMPOSITE SHOWER PANS. As composite shower pans are made from a variety of distinct supplies and constructed in a different way. I needed to touch on each and every of the most common varieties. Composite shower pans tumble into several material groups cultured marble, fiberglass, acrylic, and solid area. Usually all are produced by fabrication of flat sheets, thermal-formed from a solitary piece of materials, or molded or solid to sort a one piece device. The 1-piece design removes seams, which in change eradicates potential leaks. Each has their pluses and minuses. Because attractiveness is in the eye of the beholder, I will not comment on visual appeal. All composite shower pans put in on a flat, stage floor and do not require the development of a sloped mud foundation. Also, the forged or molded pans usually do not require the use of a plastic membrane.
Cultured marble and dressier variations, like cultured onyx and granite, are inclined to be the the very least high priced. Cultured marble is created by spraying a ‘gel-coat’ onto a mould. This coating is about 1/64″ or significantly less in thickness. The gel-coat is lined with pigmentation and then backed with calcium carbonate. The calcium carbonate gives the concluded part its strength. Also, in the casting process it is infused with air pockets to lower its density and fat.
The cultured marble flooring is forged separately from the sidewalls. Hence, the incorporation of a shower pan liner is crucial to insure a watertight, leak free set up. Though widely utilised, the down side of cultured marble is that other than the gel-coat layer, the calcium carbonate is extremely porous. Any crack or scratch through the gel-coat will enable h2o penetration. Other gel-coat characteristics consist of yellowing, even without UV exposure clouding from sizzling tap h2o staining crazing (good hairline cracks) and it is not reparable when cracked or chipped.
Fiberglass is commonly employed as properly. Fiberglass is sturdy, gentle bodyweight and low-cost. A lot of fiberglass producers make one particular-piece shower pans and enclosures and one particular-piece mix tubs and showers with the wall enclosures. Comparable to cultured marble, fiberglass is produced with a gel-coat, then backed with pigment and chopped strands of fiberglass in a resin combination. Usually the finished merchandise is about 1/8″ to one/4″ in thickness. The underside of the shower pan ground has webbing added to provide support to the floor. As the floor is not sound, the unsupported area amongst the webbing can flex. This flexing is specially noticeable with hefty loading or in which 1 is standing between to the webbing. More than time, the flexing can lead to materials tiredness and cracking. As soon as a crack develops, the pan has unsuccessful.
Acrylic sheets are utilized to vacuum kind shower pans, bathtubs, spas and several other products. The vacuum forming process begins with a one/four” sheet of pigmented acrylic that is heated to a temperature that makes the acrylic ductile. The sheet is put on a mould and stretched above the kind to create the finished shape. The heating and stretching of the sheet triggers a reduction in wall thickness. The reduction is right proportional to the sum of stretching that occurs. With shower pans there is much significantly less substance reduction than with generating a tub or spa. The heating, stretching, and cooling of the materials could also introduce stresses to the concluded pan.
Like fiberglass pans, acrylic pans require help elements beneath the pan flooring. A typically utilized assistance element is polyurethane foam. The foam fills the void and removed the flexing of the pan flooring. Acrylic sheet material is susceptible to crazing, minute area cracking, and cracking when cleaned with a lot of typical cleaning chemical substances. Should crazing take place, above time these cracks can lead to a pan failure.
Acrylic sheets have quite diverse physical and chemical properties than acrylic solid area resources. In addition to the acrylic resin utilized in solid floor, the strong area substance receives added bodily and chemical traits from the addition of alumina-tri-hydrate, or ATH. The ATH causes cleaners that adversely affect acrylic to have no affect on reliable floor.
Reliable surface shower pans are the leading-of-the-line in physical and chemical characteristics as effectively as overall performance, reparability and a myriad of other characteristics and positive aspects. The principal functions of strong surface are it is non-porous, will not assistance the progress of mould, mildew, or bacteria, is offered in a big selection of seems (some like normal granite) and shades, and is a hundred% repairable ought to chipping, scratching, or even cracking happen. Overall health departments all through the nation have authorized strong surface area materials for use in hospitals and meals preparing locations for its resistance to bacterial growth, relieve of cleaning and routine maintenance, and resistance to staining and contamination.
Some sound floor shower pan companies fabricate their pans from sheet goods in a related trend as the acrylic shower pans. That is, they thermal form the pan flooring by heating and stretching the substance and then bond sidewalls and a threshold to the flooring.
The Royal Stone brand name of strong floor shower pans are the pans that I manufacture and will use to illustrate the simplicity and relieve of installation that can be experienced when putting in a composite shower pan. Not like fabricated solid floor shower pans, the Royal Stone shower pans are a forged one particular-piece reliable surface area item. By casting the pan as a one-piece unit, there are no stresses launched in the pan, and there are a lot of other attributes engineered and designed into this pan.
The most obvious features are the huge radius transition in between the pan floor and its sidewalls. Next, the flange (also known as a weep edge) is one-1/two” tall. I have seen pans that do not integrate an integral flange or have flanges one/two” to 1″ tall. The additional peak is designed to reduce, if not eradicate, any water getting drawn up behind the wall surround panels that could trigger drinking water harm to the shower sub-construction.
Royal Stone’s pans have a minimum wall thickness of 1/2″ and the webbing aspects have a broad foot with big tension relieving radius corners amongst the pan flooring and the webbing. All shower pans are engineered to assist the fat of three/four” thick (2 cm) granite slabs as effectively as all other typically utilised wall supplies like tile, fiberglass, acrylic, and reliable floor panels. Lastly, no matter of ground loading, the Royal Stone pan ground is so sound that it feels like one is standing on a rigid concrete ground. There is no perceptible flexing or oil-canning of the pan ground. Thus, there is no possibility of floor fatigue and cracking in excess of time and the potential for pan failure is removed.
Installation IS Quickly AND Easy. As I have previously stated, composite pans install on a flat sub-floor. The subsequent set up data may not utilize to all types of composite shower pans. Particularly, I have immediate information of putting in the cast a single-piece reliable surface area shower pans that Royal Stone manufactures. Hence, the subsequent directly applies to Royal Stone’s standard and custom shower pans. The very same measures need to also use to other varieties of composite pans and other components, nevertheless, follow the makers recommended set up recommendations.
As a manufacturer, I do not install pans. The photos included inside this write-up ended up provided by a neighborhood installer. They have been supplemented by images of a different pan, for clarity of the installation process. Thus the various pan shade and condition. Additional, most of the pictures have been from a special plumbing scenario. The residence had all of the plumbing above floor. Therefore, a particleboard platform was developed over the plumbing for the shower. The pursuing installation info applies to concrete, plywood, particleboard, wood, and so on. sub-floors at, over, or underneath quality.
Stage #one – SUB-Flooring Preparation: Utilizing the template supplied with the shower pan, area template on the floor and confirm that the drain is in the right place. If the drain is NOT properly located, relocate the drain. Be aware: Relocating the drain is normally much considerably less pricey than getting a custom pan cast to accommodate your current drain location.
The gap in the sub-floor needs to be more substantial than the drain pipe. About a six” spherical or square gap (about the dimensions of a coffee can) is advisable. This larger opening enables room for the drain assembly that extends under the bottom of the pan. Most drain pipes are two” PVC. The PVC pipe allows for some flexing inside the six” opening in the sub-floor. This flexing is wanted and helps make the pan set up easier. The PVC pipe need to lengthen earlier mentioned the completed sub-ground by a minimum of 1/2″ to about three” to four”.
The sub-ground can be wood, plywood, concrete or any other rigid or effectively supported area. The sub-ground have to be stage and totally free from debris. To assure a amount ground, check the floor with a long stage as demonstrated in Fig. one. The lengthier the level, the much more likely that the sub-ground will be amount at its greatest proportions. Check front to again at the left and correct sides and at the middle. Do the identical from side to aspect. Last but not least, examine the diagonals. Fig. two signifies the place of the eight readings that ought to be taken.
Depending on the final results of the stage measurements, some further prep might be necessary. If the sub-flooring is relatively flat, shims might be utilised to make the shower pan amount. If the flooring is uneven and out of level, pouring self leveling skinny-established content could be required.
After the sub-floor is amount and the opening for the drain is proper, the location of the shower pan is subsequent.
Action #two – Connect DRAIN ASSEMBLY TO PAN: A common 2 element Brass Drain Assembly is recommended, as shown in Fig. 3. This type of assembly should be readily accessible at any plumbing provide store or residence advancement shop. Royal Stone also sells this drain assembly. Disassemble the drain assembly. Trying to keep the parts in buy tends to make reassembly more rapidly and less difficult.
Spot the pan on noticed horses or any lifted platform that allows access to the leading and bottom of the pan. Spray the drain opening with rubbing liquor, Fig. four. With a thoroughly clean rag, wipe the surface and inside edge of the pre-cut drain opening, to get rid of any dust or other contaminants from the pan’s drain location. Around the drain opening implement a generous bead of one hundred% silicone, Fig. five.
Insert Brass Drain Entire body, Component #5 of the Brass Drain Assembly into the drain gap, Fig. 6, and press firmly into location, Fig. 7.
Stage #3 – Eliminate Excessive SILICONE: Eliminate the extra silicone from the Drain Entire body, Component #5. Spray an alcoholic beverages mist in excess of the drain region and the silicone, Fig. 8. With showerstory.com -Cap, scoop away the surplus silicone, Fig. nine. This phase could have to be repeated several moments to completely take away the silicone. Final, spray a mist of alcoholic beverages and wipe remaining movie absent from the Drain Human body, Part #5, with a gentle fabric.
Action #four – MOUNT DRAIN LOCKING RING: Connect the Drain Strainer, Portion #1, to assure that the Drain Body, Element #5, is centered in the drain gap, Fig. 10. From the bottom side of the shower pan, connect Areas #6, seven, & 8 to Element #five. Tighten the Locking Ring, Component #8 until finally cosy. DO NOT In excess of TIGHTEN. In excess of tightening may crack the shower pan. Get rid of the Drain Strainer, Component #one, and established aside.
If any further silicone has been squeezed out from in between the shower pan drain and the Drain Human body, Component #five, repeat Action #three till all extra silicone has been eliminated.
Handling Idea: Using a set of glazer’s grips permits for less difficult managing and transferring the pan into the correct spot. If these are not offered, brute drive also operates.
Phase #five – DRY In shape THE SHOWER PAN: Decrease the shower pan into location. Make positive that about one/eight” room exists in between the shower pan flange and the studs. With the stage, verify that the pan is sitting flat on the flooring as shown in Fig. eleven & twelve. If further shimming is essential, carry pan and location shimming materials the place essential. Reduced the pan into place and check out for level. Repeat until finally the pan is level.
Caution: When leaning and dealing with the shower pan, deal with carefully to avoid injury to the shower pan’s flange.
A Amount PAN IS Vital FOR Proper DRAINAGE.
Action #six – SILICONE THE Base OF THE PAN: Raise pan and lean towards one of the studded walls. Implement a hundred% silicone caulking to the webbing, Fig. 13, on the underside of the shower pan . Also, implement a thick silicone ring about the drain opening in the sub-floor, Fig. 14. If shims have been utilised, silicone all shims into position on sub flooring as needed.
Action #7 – Established SHOWER PAN: Reduced shower pan into location. Verify the pan for level. Press down as required to re-degree the shower pan. Utilize a silicone bead along the front edge of the threshold to seal the threshold of the pan to the sub-ground.
Step #8 – Hook up DRAIN PIPE TO DRAIN ASSEMBLY: Inject silicone completely about and between the drain pipe and the Brass Drain Body, Portion #five, as demonstrated in Fig. fifteen. Spot the Rubber Gasket, Part #four of the Drain Assembly, over the PVC pipe and slide down until the leading of the Rubber Gasket, Part #four, is completely seated and is under the top of the Drain Assemble, Fig. sixteen. Screw the Locking Ring, Part #three of the Drain Assembly onto the Drain Body, Component #5. Tighten the Locking Ring, Element #three, with the Tightening Resource, Portion #two right up until the Rubber Gasket, Portion #4, is seated and tightly in location.
Stage #9 – TRIMMING THE PVC: The leading of the PVC drain pipe Should NOT prolong previously mentioned the Brass Drain Human body, Component #five. If it is at the best of the Brass Drain Human body, Part #five, or extends over the leading, trim the PVC so that it is about 1/4″ reduce than the best of the Brass Drain Human body, Part #five but is taller than the prime of the Rubber Gasket, Portion #four. Minimize the PVC pipe with a Dremel and a minimize-off wheel.
If the Tightening Instrument, Element #two has not currently been taken out, take away it and press the Drain Strainer, Component #one, into location. The set up is complete. Excluding any sub-flooring preparing, the set up need to get about a single hour or significantly less.
Phase #10 – CURING: Permit the shower pan set for 24 to 48 hrs to enable the silicone to appropriately remedy. Once healed, the wallboard and wall panels can be set up.
Warning: When attaching sound surface shower pans and wall panels, ONLY use one hundred% SILICONE. Other adhesives or caulks could harden. The decline of the elastic bond among the strong surface and other materials can lead to stresses in the sound surface. In turn, these stresses could cause fractures of the portion and void the manufacturer’s guarantee.